The Islamic Youth Movement
Spreading interest in modern applications of Islam coincided with theemergence of Marxism on the campus. The Islamic faculty organized study groupswhich evolved into political organizations. The crisis over the cabinet inOctober 1965 incited Islamist students as well as Marxists. Out of this fermentgrew the radical movement generally known as the Ikwan-i-Musalamin (IslamicYouth). Competition at Kabul University between the Islamists and the Marxistscame to involve debate, intimidation, and violence. The rivalry produced ageneration whose later careers were marked by their personal involvement asallies and opponents on campus.
Daud's coming to power in 1973 gave the Parcham faction the opportunity topersecute their Islamist rivals. In 1975 an abortive uprising planned by youngIslamists from several provinces brought a vicious response. Hundreds wereexecuted or imprisoned to face death later at the hands of the Khalqis. Thesurvivors went underground or fled to Pakistan.
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