Abdul Rasul Sayyaf
Abdul Rasul Sayyaf was the last party leader to be recognized by Pakistan.His arrival in Peshawar was delayed until 1980 by imprisonment since themid-1970s under the Daud and Taraki-Amin regimes. He was born at Paghman, a townimmediately west of Kabul. A member of the Kharruti tribe, as were HafizullahAmin and Hekmatyar, he was released in 1979. He studied in Egypt and SaudiArabia and was an active member of the Ikwan-i-Musalamin.
Sayyaf arrived in Pakistan when foreign supporters were pressuring theparties to unite. He was elected to head a front of all the parties, theIttehad-i-Islami B'rai Azadi-i-Afghanistan (Islamic Union for the Liberation ofAfghanistan). The front quickly broke up and Sayyaf retained the name for hisown party. With excellent Arab connections, Sayyaf has been generously funded,but has had no substantial base of support inside Afghanistan. His avowal ofWahhabism limited recruitment. Wahhabism clashes with the law and practice ofthe Hanafi system accepted by most Afghan Sunnis. More than any of the otherparty leaders, Sayyaf recruited mujahidin through weapons and funds.
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